Explore Joint Surgery and Other Treatment Options With an Orthopedic Surgeon at New Jersey Joints in Freehold, NJ
Each orthopedic surgeon at New Jersey Joints in Freehold, NJ, specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention of injuries to a specific area of the musculoskeletal system. A wide-ranging network of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves, the musculoskeletal system provides the body with form, support, and structure, as well as the ability to move.
At New Jersey Joints in Freehold, many of the issues addressed by an orthopedic surgeon involve the synovial joints, which are areas of the body where two or more bones come together. These include the joints located in the shoulders, elbows, wrists, hands, hips, knees, ankles, and feet. In a synovial joint, the bones meet within a fibrous capsule (synovium) that is filled with a lubricating substance (synovial fluid), which helps the bones glide together smoothly through a wide range of motion. Ligaments connect the bones to each other, and tendons connect the bones to muscles. An orthopedic surgeon can treat injuries affecting any of these components.
For instance, an orthopedic surgeon may recommend surgery to address very severe:
- Arthritis — In a healthy joint, the ends of the bones are covered with a smooth cartilage cushion and further protected by the synovium. Due to the natural aging process, joints can become inflamed and swollen as the protective cartilage wears away and the synovial fluid dries up. Initial treatment usually involves a combination of anti-inflammatory medications and, if appropriate, assistive walking devices to reduce stress on the joint. Regular exercise, weight management, and cortisone injections may also be helpful. In severe cases, an orthopedic surgeon may recommend a surgical procedure, such as a joint replacement, to improve function or alleviate pain.
- Osteoporosis — This age-related condition is characterized by progressive bone loss, which can lead to fractures, reduced stature, and a hunched-forward appearance. While lost bone cannot be stored, certain strategies can help prevent further weakening. These include exercise, dietary changes, hormone therapy with estrogen (ERT) or anti-estrogens (SERMs), or bone-preserving medications. Sometimes, an orthopedic surgeon may advise joint replacement to relieve pain and restore function by replacing all or part of a knee, hip, or shoulder joint with a mechanical prosthesis.
Other commonly treated joint conditions include carpal tunnel syndrome, bone fractures, sprains, strains, tendon and ligament tears, and other sports-related injuries. Using minimally invasive surgical techniques, an orthopedic surgeon can diagnose and treat many patients through tiny incisions, minimizing the trauma of surgery and allowing for faster recoveries and return to activities (as compared to open surgery).
If you’d like to learn more, contact New Jersey Joints to schedule a consultation with an orthopedic surgeon at our office in Freehold, NJ.